Travel Through Time and Explore the Past - Become Archeologist


An archaeologist is a scientist who studies human history and prehistory through the excavation, analysis and interpretation of artefacts, structures as well as other physical remains. They investigate past human societies and cultures including their social, economic, political systems and the environment. The excavator uses various tools and techniques to uncover and analyse artefacts including digging, surveying, mapping and laboratory analysis. 

They may also work closely with other specialists such as anthropologists, historians as well as geologists, to better understand the context and significance of their discoveries. Moreover, Archaeologists work in various settings including universities, museums, cultural resource management firms and government agencies. They may also work in the field conducting excavations and other research activities in remote locations worldwide.


For Bachelor’s

  • The learners must clear their 10+2 board examination with at least 60% marks. 
  • To begin their career as an archaeologist, candidates can enrol in a Bachelor's degree program such as BA in Archeology from a recognised university or college.

For Master’s

  • Further, for an admission into a university or college, seekers can opt for a Master's degree, they must have completed their graduation with a minimum of 50 - 60% marks.
  • As research and skills are required to become an archaeologist, applicants can pursue an MA in Archeology.

Job Roles

Archaeologists can work in a variety of job roles and settings including academia, cultural resource management, government agencies, museums and non-profit organisations. Some common job roles for archaeologists include:

  • Field Archaeologist
  • Laboratory Archaeologist
  • Cultural Resource Manager
  • Academic Archaeologist
  • Museum Archaeologist
  • Environmental Archaeologist
  • Marine Archaeologist
  • Documentation Archaeologist
  • Lecturer
  • Palaeontology

Employment Sector Jobs

Archaeologists can work in a variety of employment sectors including:

  • University and Colleges
  • Cultural Resource Management (CRM)
  • Government
  • Museums
  • Non-profit Organisations
  • National Heritage Agencies 
  • Archeology Survey of India

Top Recruiters

Archaeologists can find employment with a variety of organisations including:

  • Universities and Colleges
  • Cultural Resource Management Firms
  • Government Agencies
  • National Museums
  • Archeology Survey of India
  • Private Sector


The salary of an archaeologist can vary depending on several factors such as level of education, years of experience, geographic location as well as type of employer. Here are some general salary ranges for archaeologists in different employment sectors:


Entry-level Archaeologist  

Approx 1 lakhs - 4 lakhs per annum

Senior Archaeologist  

Approx 4 lakhs - 6 lakhs per annum

Top-level Archaeologist  

Approx 7 lakhs - 10 lakhs per annum


  • Fieldwork Skills
  • Laboratory Skills
  • Analytical Skills
  • Cultural Competence
  • Communication Skills
  • Project Management Skills


The scope of archaeology is vast and covers a wide range of areas related to the study of human history and culture. The scope after becoming an Archeologist is listed as given below: 

  • Prehistoric Archaeology
  • Historical Archaeology
  • Archaeological Science
  • Cultural Resource Management
  • Public Archaeology


Archaeology can provide a range of benefits, both personal as well as societal. Here are some of the benefits of archaeology:

  • Understanding of Human History
  • Preservation of Cultural Heritage
  • Education and Public Outreach
  • Economic Benefits
  • Scientific Advancement
  • Career Opportunities


As with any profession, there are also some drawbacks or challenges that archaeologists may face. Here are some drawbacks given below:

  • Physical Demands
  • Financial Constraints
  • Limited Job Opportunities
  • Cultural Sensitivity
  • Ethical Issues