Civil Lawyer

Protecting the rights and interests of individuals and businesses.


A civil lawyer is a specialised attorney who takes on cases involving civil matters. Before going to court, a civil lawyer would attempt to settle the case outside of the court as well, saving the client's time. The case is brought before the court only if both the parties cannot agree on any outside settlements. The majority of the penalties in these cases are only fines or settlements because they are civil cases. 

Legal disputes involving personal injury, family relationships, employment and real estate are typically handled by a civil attorney. They may also collaborate with businesses and governmental organisations. In this article, we describe what a civil lawyer is, the duties that come with the position and the qualifications needed to fill it.


For Bachelor’s

  • To enrol in a law program, a candidate typically needs to have a bachelor's degree in any field. 
  • After obtaining a bachelor's degree, a seeker will need to complete a JD program, which is a professional law degree that usually takes 3 years to complete. 
  • After obtaining a JD, a scholar will need to pass the bar exam in the state where they plan to practise law.

For Masters

  • Hold a JD or equivalent law degree. 
  • Complete a Master’s of Law program from a recognized university, which usually takes 1-2 years to complete.

For Diploma

  • Complete a specific diploma program in civil law offered by an esteemed university or educational institution.

Job Roles

The study of civil law primarily aims to equip students with in-depth knowledge and improve their ability to manage conflicts that result from various civil cases. The field of civil law offers a plethora of job profiles to carry out such a task. Listed below are a few job descriptions:

  • Litigation Attorney
  • Corporate Lawyer
  • Contract Lawyer
  • Real Estate Lawyer
  • Personal Injury Lawyer
  • Employment Lawyer
  • Environmental Lawyer
  • Immigration Lawyer
  • Family Lawyer

Employment Sector Jobs

  • Private Law Firms
  • Corporations
  • Government
  • Non-Profit Organisations
  • Public Defender's Offices
  • Academic Institutions

Top Recruiters

Numerous recruiters from top businesses seek out prospective students enrolled in criminal law degree programmes. Here are some recruiters where students can find work opportunities in India:

  • Managium Juris 
  • Kanth & Associates 
  • AK Singh & Co.


The amount a civil lawyer makes primarily depends on their level of experience and degree from an accredited university. The table below shows the average salary as well as the salary of an experienced civil lawyer: 


Average starting salary for a civil lawyer

Approx 3-10 lakhs per annum

Experienced Civil Lawyer

Approx 20-30 lakhs per annum



Civil law is a branch of law that deals with non-criminal disputes between individuals, organisations or between individuals and organisations. The scope of civil law includes a wide range of legal matters, including: 

  • Contract law: It involves the disputes over the terms and conditions of contracts, including agreements for the sale of goods or services. 
  • Property law: In case of property law, the civil lawyer handles disputes over the ownership, possession, and use of real property, including disputes over the ownership of land and buildings.
  • Tort law: It is specially made for handling disputes over civil wrongs, including cases of personal injury, defamation, and negligence. 
  • Family law: The rules and regulations of family law are considered to handle cases such as divorce, child custody and alimony.
  • Inheritance law: This involves disputes over the distribution of a deceased person's assets, including disputes over wills and trusts. 
  • Consumer protection law: In this case, the law practitioner handles the disputes between consumers and businesses over issues such as false advertising, unfair business practices, and product liability. 
  • Employment law: In this case, the individual handles the disputes between employees and employers over issues such as discrimination, wrongful termination, and wage and hour disputes.


The benefits of civil law include: 

  • Civil law provides individuals and organisations with a wide range of options for resolving disputes including negotiation, mediation, arbitration and litigation. 
  • It helps to protect the rights of individuals and organisations, and provides a means for individuals and organisations to enforce those rights. 
  • Moreover, the civil law is mostly administered by impartial judges and tribunals, ensuring that disputes are resolved fairly and impartially. 
  • The civil law focuses on providing rules and guidelines for individuals and organisations to follow, reducing the uncertainty and confusion that can result from unclear laws and regulations. Encourages settlement:
  • It is considered as a framework for negotiating settlements and resolving disputes, which can help to avoid lengthy and expensive court proceedings. 
  • By resolving disputes and protecting the rights of individuals and organisations, civil law helps to promote economic stability and growth.


The drawbacks of civil law include: 

  • High Cost 
  • Time-consuming
  • Complexity
  • Burden of proof
  • No guarantee of resolution
  • Limited remedies