Engineering solutions that balance natural resources and environmental conservation


A geologist is a scientist who studies the Earth, its history and the processes that shape it. Geologists study rocks, minerals, fossils and other materials to understand the composition, structure and history of the Earth. They use this knowledge to make predictions about geological events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides to identify and extract natural resources such as oil, gas as well as minerals. 

To become a geologist, one typically needs to obtain a bachelor's degree in geology, earth science or a related field. A master's or doctoral degree may be required for research or academic positions. Geologists also require strong analytical and problem-solving skills, as well as the ability to work both independently and as part of a team.


For Bachelor’s

  • A bachelor’s degree in geology or other related field is a great option for students.

For Masters

  • To get admission in the PG Program, aspirants need to clear a national level entrance exam like GATE, IIT JAM Geology, UPSC Geologist exam, etc. 
  • Candidates can opt for a master’s degree in geology or other related field. 
  • Seekers can also go for further studies like Ph.D Program.

Job Roles

The field of geology aims to provide in-depth knowledge and enhance the skills of the students. To do such a task, geology presents innumerable job roles. Below are mentioned some job roles:

  • Engineering Geologist
  • Geological Technologists
  • Geochemist
  • Geoscientist
  • Hydrologist
  • Geological Technician
  • Field Seismologist/Geophysicist

Employment Sector

  • Environment Protection Firms
  • Manufacturing
  • Construction and Utility Companies
  • Environmental Consulting Firms
  • Consulting Geology and Engineering Firms
  • Government Educational Institutes
  • Engineering Firms
  • Teaching
  • Technical Sales Department
  • Petroleum and Mining Companies
  • Contracting Firms

Top Recruiters

There are many recruiters from leading companies who enlist potential students in the geology field. Following are some Recruiters from where students can find an employment opportunity in India: 

  • Geological Survey of India
  • Indian Bureau of Mind
  • Indian Space Research Organisation
  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
  • Bharat Gold Mines Ltd.
  • Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC) 
  • Mineral Exploration Corporation Ltd.
  • Hindustan Zinc Ltd.
  • Hindustan Copper Ltd.
  • National Mineral Development Corporation
  • Central Ground Water Board
  • Steel Authority of India Ltd.
  • Coal India Ltd. 
  • Kudremukh Iron Ore Company


The salary range may vary from company to company, but the salary of a geologist is impressive only in India.


Level of Salary

Annual Level Salary 

Starting Salary

Approx ₹2,20,000 

Mid Level Salary

Approx ₹4,90,000 

Senior Level Salary

Approx ₹12,30,000


  • Analytical abilities
  • Observation skills
  • Communication skills
  • Problem-solving skills


The career scope of a geologist is broad, offering opportunities to work in various fields and sectors. Geologists can work in the private sector, academia, research organizations, government agencies, and consulting firms, among others.


  • Various Job Opportunities
  • An Ideal Career
  • Vast knowledge about environment
  • High Salary Pay


  • Physically Challenging
  • Sometimes overtime may be required if needed