Plant Biologist

Pioneering new discoveries in the world of botany


A plant biologist is a professional who specializes in the study of plants, their structure, function, growth, reproduction, and evolution. They study plant’s life at various levels from the molecular and cellular level to the ecosystem level. They may work in a variety of settings including research institutions, universities, botanical gardens, conservation organizations, government agencies as well as private companies.

Their work involves conducting research to understand the biology of plants including their physiology, genetics and ecology. They may use a variety of techniques and tools such as molecular biology, microscopy, biochemistry and field experiments to investigate plant life and develop new technologies and strategies for plant conservation along with management. They may also be involved in the development of new crop varieties, the study of plant diseases and pests, as well as the development of strategies for their control.


  • A bachelor’s or master’s degree is mandatory for students to become a plant biologist.
  • Degree programs in the science stream are well-suited for this field. 
  • Must have knowledge and understanding about plant’s life in-depth. 
  • Other related skills are needed like analytical, surveying, etcetera. 

Job Roles

The field of plant biology aims to provide in-depth knowledge and enhance the skills of the students. To do such a task, plant biology presents innumerable job profiles. Below mentioned are some job profiles:

  • Environmental Biologist
  • Wildlife Biologist
  • Aquatic Plant Researcher
  • Research Associate
  • Plant Technician

Employment Sector

  • Food Industry
  • National Park
  • Agriculture Sector
  • Healthcare Industry
  • Laboratories
  • Pharmaceutical Industry
  • Wildlife Sanctuaries
  • Research Firms

Top Recruiters

There are many recruiters from leading companies who enlist potential students in the plant biology field. Following are some Recruiters from where students can find an employment opportunity in India: 

  • Wildlife Institute of India
  • Union Public Service Commission Forest Research Institute
  • Central Council Research for Homeopathy
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute
  • Central Council Research in Ayurvedic Sciences
  • GB Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment & Development


The salary range may vary from company to company, but the salary of a plant biologist is very impressive only in India.


Level of Salary

Annual Level Salary 

Starting Salary

Approx ₹2,50,000 

Mid Level Salary

Approx ₹4,60,000 

Senior Level Salary

Approx ₹7,00,000 


  • Research skills
  • Intrigued by Plant Conservation
  • Scientific Interest
  • Steadfast
  • Problem-solving skills


The career scope of a plant biologist is quite broad with opportunities available in a variety of sectors. With the growing importance of plant biology in areas such as food security, environmental management and biotechnology there is a high demand for skilled plant biologists who can contribute to the development of new technologies as well as strategies for plant management and conservation.


  • Can work in various sectors
  • Great career possibilities
  • Opportunity to get various job roles


  • Starting salary is not good
  • Not the most selected field among students
  • Challenging