A Career That Helps Build Better Communities - Choose Sociology


A sociologist is a social scientist who studies human society and social behaviour. They conduct research, analyse data and study social institutions such as government, education and religion. They use their knowledge to develop theories and concepts to explain social phenomena such as inequality, crime and social change. Sociologists research to understand social phenomena better and use various methods such as surveys, interviews as well as observation.

Sociologists may work as data analysts for research firms or businesses, analysing social data to understand consumer behaviour or social trends better. They may work as program evaluators for government agencies or non-profit organisations to evaluate the effectiveness of social programs and policies. The field of sociology is diverse and offers a wide range of career opportunities in various industries.


For Bachelor’s

  • The aspirants must pass their 10+2 board-level examination by scoring at least 60% marks. 
  • The candidates can enrol in a Bachelor's degree such as BA in Sociology from a recognised University or college in order to kick start their career as a Sociologist.

For Master’s

  • The seekers must pass their graduation with a minimum of 50 - 60% marks for an admission in a university or college to pursue a Master’s degree. 
  • The applicants can pursue MA in Sociology to become professionals as research and skills are required to become a sociologist. 

Job Roles

Sociology is a field that offers a wide range of career opportunities for professionals with different skill sets and interests. Here are some of the job roles available for sociologists:

  • Sociologist
  • Social Researcher
  • Social Worker
  • Human Resources Manager
  • Policy Analyst
  • Community Organiser
  • Marketing Researcher

Employment Sector Jobs

Sociologists can use their skills and knowledge to address a wide range of social issues and improve the lives of individuals and communities. These specialists work in a wide range of employment sectors including:

  • Academia
  • Government
  • Non-profit organisations
  • Research and consulting firms
  • Market research companies
  • Healthcare
  • Criminal justice

Top Recruiters

Here are some of the top recruiters of Sociologists:

  • WHO
  • KPMG
  • Deloitte
  • Central and State Government Agencies


The salary of a sociologist can vary depending on their level of education, experience and the specific industry or employer they work for.


Entry-level Sociologist  

Approx 2 lakhs - 4 lakhs per annum

Senior Sociologist  

Approx 4 lakhs - 6 lakhs per annum

Top-level Sociologist  

Approx 6 lakhs or above per annum


  • Research skills
  • Analytical skills
  • Communication skills
  • Critical thinking skills
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Organisational skills
  • Cultural competence


Sociology as a field of study has a broad scope, as it encompasses a wide range of social phenomena and issues. The scope of sociologists is diverse and can include research, teaching, policy development as well as advocacy. Some areas where sociologists can find employment include:

  • Academia
  • Government
  • Private sector
  • Non-profit organisations
  • Community organisations
  • International organisations


There are several benefits of pursuing a career as a sociologist including:

  • The opportunity to make a difference
  • Intellectual stimulation
  • Diverse career paths
  • Flexibility
  • Job security
  • Competitive salaries
  • Personal growth


While there are many benefits to pursuing a career as a sociologist, there are also some potential drawbacks to consider. Some of the drawbacks of being a sociologist may include:

  • Limited career opportunities
  • Funding limitations
  • Potential for bias
  • Challenging subject matter
  • Long hours
  • Salary limitations