BA Journalism and Mass Communication

Excel in Storytelling Talent with BA Journalism & Mass Communication


Aspiring journalists have several options to kickstart their career, one of which involves enrolling in the BA Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC) degree offered by reputed colleges at the national level in India. This three-year undergraduate program primarily focuses on media journalism, media research, mass media communication, and related fields.

The course curriculum of the BJMC program may vary depending on the multiple universities and educational institutions offering it. Core subjects typically covered in the BJMC course include Introduction to Communication, Socio-Economic & Political Scenario, Media Laws & Ethics, Media Management, and Television Journalism & Production. These subjects form the foundational knowledge necessary for aspiring journalists to thrive in the media industry.

In addition to the core subjects, the program provides opportunities for practical training and skill development. Aspiring candidates will have the chance to attend training sessions, seminars, guest lectures, workshops, and industry certification training. These practical experiences are crucial for honing their journalistic skills and preparing them for real-world challenges.

By pursuing the BJMC course, one can gain a well-rounded education and practical exposure, equipping them with the essential competencies needed to excel in the dynamic and ever-evolving field of journalism and mass communication


The syllabus of a Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree in Journalism and Mass Communication may vary depending on the university or institution offering the program. Here are some of the core subjects:

  • Introduction to Journalism
  • News Reporting and Writing
  • Mass Communication Theory
  • Media Law and Ethics
  • Media Research and Analysis
  • Broadcast Journalism
  • Digital Journalism
  • Photojournalism
  • Public Relations and Advertising
  • Media and Society
  • Media Production
  • Communication and Public Speaking
  • Media Management

Practical Learning

Practical learning is crucial in journalism and mass communication programs as it allows students to gain hands-on experience and develop the necessary skills required in the field. Here are some common forms of practical learning in BJMC:                       

  • Internships
  • Field Reporting
  • Newsroom Simulations
  • Media Production Projects
  • Campus Media Organisations
  • Workshops and Guest Lectures
  • Media Labs and Multimedia Facilities
  • Live Projects and Collaborations

Course Curriculum

The BA Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC) program is thoughtfully designed to equip students with comprehensive knowledge and practical skills essential for a successful career in media and communication. The curriculum encompasses a wide array of subjects, providing a holistic understanding of various aspects of journalism and mass communication.

The course curriculum may vary between universities and institutions, but here is a general year-wise breakdown of the syllabus:

First Year 

  • Introduction to Journalism and Mass Communication
  • Communication Theory and Models
  • Media and Society
  • Introduction to Print Journalism
  • Introduction to Broadcast Journalism
  • Introduction to Advertising and Public Relations
  • Media Writing Skills
  • Media Ethics and Laws
  • Media Research and Analysis
  • Introduction to Photography and Photojournalism

Second Year 

  • Reporting and News Writing
  • Feature Writing
  • Media Production: Print and Digital
  • Media Production: Radio and Television
  • Editing and Sub-editing
  • Public Relations and Corporate Communication
  • Media Planning and Buying
  • Development Communication
  • Media Management and Entrepreneurship
  • Digital Journalism and Online Media

Third Year 

  • Advanced Reporting and Investigative Journalism
  • Documentary Production
  • Media Ethics and Media Law
  • Media Campaigns and Event Management
  • Media and Cultural Studies
  • Multimedia Journalism and Convergence
  • Media Psychology and Audience Research
  • Media Internship or Project Work
  • Electives (Specialisation Courses)
  • Dissertation or Research Project

Top Institutes

There are several renowned journalism institutes that are known for their quality education as well as training in this field. Here are some of the top journalism institutes in India:

  • Asian College of Journalism (ACJ), Chennai
  • Xavier Institute of Communications (XIC), Mumbai
  • Department of Journalism and Mass Communication, Manipal University, Manipal
  • Department of Media Studies, Christ University, Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC), New Delhi
  • Asian College of Journalism (ACJ), Chennai
  • Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media (IIJNM), Bangalore
  • AJK Mass Communication Research Centre, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
  • Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad (MICA)

Career Growth

The career growth opportunities for BA Journalism and Mass Communication graduates can be promising and diverse. Individual career trajectories vary, and several general paths can lead to advancement in this field. Factors that can contribute to career growth include

  • Experience and Skill Development
  • Specialisation and Expertise
  • Networking and Professional Relationships
  • Advanced Education
  • Leadership and Management Roles
  • Entrepreneurship and Freelancing
  • International Opportunities
  • Industry Trends and Adaptability


The industrial sector of BJMC commonly offers promising career opportunities in media, communication and journalism sectors. Graduates with a BA in Journalism and Mass Communication are well-equipped to explore various roles within these dynamic industries. Here are some of the highlighted key aspects such as:  

  • Media Industry
  • Journalism
  • Public Relations
  • Advertising and Marketing
  • Digital Media
  • Corporate Communication
  • Media Research and Analysis
  • Content Creation and Freelancing
  • Academia and Research

Pros & Cons

Opting for BJMC opens the doors to a world of opportunities in the vibrant fields of media, communication, and journalism. As with any academic pursuit and career path, it is essential to weigh the advantages and challenges that come with this choice. Below, we present the key pros and cons to consider when pursuing a BA in Journalism and Mass Communication:

Pros of Pursuing BA Journalism and Mass Communication degree:

  • Diverse Career Opportunities
  • Skill Development
  • Exposure to Current Affairs and Social Issues
  • Practical Learning
  • Networking and Industry Connections

Cons of Pursuing BA Journalism and Mass Communication degree:

  • Competitive Job Market
  • Long and Irregular Working Hours
  • Financial Instability
  • Stressful and High-Pressure Environment
  • Ethical Challenges