Bachelor of Dental Surgery [BDS] (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery)

Pursue Expert Dental Specialisation and Lead Your Bright Future


BDS Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery is a specialised area in dentistry that deals with diagnosing and treating problems related to the face, mouth, teeth, and jaws. It focuses on improving how they work and how they look, especially in cases of diseases, injuries or defects. This course spans five years including 4 years of classroom education and 1 year of Internship. 

It is a dynamic discipline that merges the expertise of dentistry and medicine encompassing a wide range of surgical procedures to address complex issues in the oral and maxillofacial region. Moreover, the field plays a crucial role in enhancing the overall quality of life for patients as it not only resolves functional problems but also contributes significantly to their appearance and self-confidence. 

The BDS in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is mainly recognised as an advanced postgraduate program that equips dental professionals with the comprehensive knowledge as well as advanced skills necessary for the management of a diverse array of oral and facial conditions. The course curriculum typically includes an in-depth study of oral pathology, oral medicine, dental radiology, surgical anatomy and anaesthesia. 

Students delve into the intricacies of surgical procedures such as dental extractions, removal of impacted wisdom teeth, orthognathic (jaw) surgery, dental implant placement, treatment of facial trauma and corrective surgery for congenital facial anomalies. This involves learning how to conduct thorough patient assessments, utilise diagnostic tools effectively and formulate comprehensive treatment plans. 

As oral and maxillofacial surgeons often work closely with patients who may be experiencing pain, discomfort or emotional distress, the program places significant emphasis on empathy, effective communication and the ability to address patients' concerns. Graduates of this program are equipped to provide comprehensive care that combines clinical expertise with a compassionate approach.

Upon completion of the BDS in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, graduates have the knowledge and skills to embark on a rewarding career in private practice, academic institutions, hospitals or other healthcare settings. The field continues to evolve with advancements in technology and surgical techniques, making ongoing professional development crucial for staying at the forefront of this rapidly changing discipline.


The core subjects of BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) with a focus on Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery typically include:

  • Oral Pathology and Microbiology
  • Oral Medicine
  • Dental Radiology
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Anaesthesia
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
  • Surgical Anatomy
  • Medical Emergencies
  • Clinical Training
  • Professional Ethics and Communication

The program equips students with the necessary knowledge and skills to diagnose, plan and perform surgical interventions in the oral and maxillofacial region, contributing to the overall health and well-being of patients.

Practical Learning

Practical learning in BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) with a focus on Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is an integral part of the program. It provides students with hands-on experience, essential skills and exposure to real-life scenarios in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Here are some key aspects of practical learning in this field:

  • Clinical Rotations
  • Surgical Techniques
  • Dental Extractions
  • Assisting in Surgeries
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Emergency Management
  • Patient Communication
  • Case Discussions

It bridges the gap between theoretical knowledge and real-world application, preparing students for a successful career in oral and maxillofacial surgery and enabling them to provide quality care to patients in need of surgical interventions.

Course Curriculum

The course curriculum for BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) with a specialisation in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery typically spans a duration of 5 years. This period encompasses both theoretical and practical training, providing students with a comprehensive understanding of oral health, surgical techniques and the management of oral and maxillofacial conditions. 

First Year 

  • Dental Anatomy and Histology
  • Dental Physiology
  • Biochemistry and Nutrition
  • General Human Anatomy
  • General Human Physiology
  • Dental Materials
  • Preclinical Prosthodontics

Second Year 

  • General Pathology and Microbiology
  • General Pharmacology
  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • Oral and Dental Anatomy, Embryology and Histology

Third Year 

  • Oral Pathology and Microbiology
  • Oral Medicine and Radiology
  • Orthodontics
  • Paediatric Dentistry
  • Community and Preventive Dentistry

Fourth Year

  • Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Basic Principles)
  • Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics
  • Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge
  • Periodontology
  • Public Health Dentistry
  • General Surgery
  • General Medicine

Fifth Year

  • Internship 
  • Clinical Experience 

Upon completion of the 5-year BDS program with a specialisation in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, graduates are well-prepared to pursue further specialisation, enter practice or explore academic and research opportunities within the field.

Top Institutes

Numerous Indian institutes have gained prominence and are primarily acknowledged for their reputable dental programs. These are listed as given below: 

  • AIIMS, New Delhi
  • Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal
  • Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences (MAIDS), New Delhi
  • Government Dental College & Hospital, Mumbai
  • King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow
  • Christian Dental College (CMC), Ludhiana
  • SDM College of Dental Sciences, Dharwad
  • Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak
  • Government Dental College & Hospital, Nagpur
  • Saveetha Dental College, Chennai

Also, before seeking admission to a college or university, it's prudent to evaluate their historical achievements, the credentials of their faculty members, the quality of available laboratories and other relevant factors.

Career Growth

The career growth of BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) professionals specialising in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery can be quite promising, provided they stay committed to ongoing learning, skill development and professional advancement. Here are some aspects of career growth in this field:

  • Clinical Expertise
  • Specialisation 
  • Continuing Education 
  • Teaching and Research 
  • Leadership Roles 
  • International Opportunities
  • Private Practice Growth 
  • Contributions to Healthcare 
  • Mentorship 

Moreover, this field offers not only personal fulfilment but also the opportunity to make a significant impact on patient's lives and the advancement of oral and maxillofacial surgical practices.


This dynamic field combines dental expertise with surgical skills, focusing on diagnosing and treating conditions in the oral and facial regions. Here are some aspects of the scope for BDS graduates in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery:

  • Clinical Practice
  • Hospitals and Clinics
  • Academic and Research Careers
  • Specialisation Opportunities
  • International and Humanitarian Work
  • Technological Advancements
  • Leadership Roles
  • Consulting 
  • Public Health 
  • Surgical Industry 

Furthermore, the scope for BDS graduates in this field is not only financially rewarding but also personally fulfilling, as it allows professionals to make a meaningful impact on patient's well-being while contributing to the advancement of the field.

Pros & Cons

Pros of pursuing a BDS Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery:

  • Specialised Expertise
  • High Demand
  • Global Demand 
  • High Salary Package 

Cons of pursuing a BDS Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery:

  • Lengthy Education 
  • High Pressure 
  • Extensive Training 
  • Complex Cases