ETO (Electro-Technical Officer)

Know about Pre-Sea Training Certificate to become an Electro Technical Officer


The Electro-Technical Officer(ETO) course is a pre-sea training program designed for individuals seeking career opportunities in the maritime industry. The duration of this course ranges from several weeks to a few months and it includes the subjects related to electrical, electronic and automation systems crucial for the operation and safety of ships and vessels.     

It provides adequate knowledge and skills to the candidates who want to take on the responsibility of ETO in Merchant ships. The course prepares the candidates and makes them aware of the risks involved at sea and also teaches the importance of imbibing the safety culture.        

Moreover, the participants undergo rigorous instruction covering the fundamentals of electricity, circuitry and power distribution, along with in-depth exploration of electrical components such as generators, transformers, motors and switchboards. 

The aspirants gain proficiency in electronic systems prevalent onboard ships including communication equipment, navigation systems, radar, GPS and satellite communication systems. 

Through hands-on training, they learn to troubleshoot and maintain these intricate systems, ensuring their seamless operation even in challenging maritime environments. 

Additionally, the course equips ETOs with the necessary skills to handle automation and control systems including programmable logic controllers (PLCs), enabling them to effectively manage and monitor critical shipboard functions. 

Overall, the ETO course prepares individuals to assume roles vital to the smooth functioning and safety of maritime operations, instilling them with the expertise needed to navigate the complex electrical and electronic landscapes of modern vessels


The core subjects in an ETO (Electro-Technical Officer) course typically cover a range of topics relevant to the electrical, electronic and automation systems found on ships and vessels. Here are some of the major subjects listed below:

  • Electrical Principles and Fundamentals
  • Electrical Systems
  • Electronic Systems
  • Automation and Control Systems
  • Maritime Regulations and Standards
  • Safety Procedures and Practices
  • Practical Training and Workshops

By covering these core subjects, this course prepares individuals for the responsibilities and challenges of serving as Electro-Technical Officers onboard ships, ensuring the safe and efficient operation of electrical and electronic systems in the maritime industry

Practical Learning

Practical learning is a crucial component of an ETO (Electro-Technical Officer) course, as it allows participants to gain hands-on experience with the electrical, electronic and automation systems commonly found onboard ships and vessels. Here are the practical learning activities typically included in ETO courses:

  • Hands-on Equipment Operation
  • Maintenance and Troubleshooting Exercises
  • Laboratory Work
  • Integration of Automation Systems
  • Safety Training and Drills
  • Onboard Training and Internships

Course Curriculum

The course curriculum of an Electro-Technical Officer (ETO) program, typically lasting for 4 months, covers a comprehensive range of subjects aimed at providing participants with the necessary skills and knowledge to manage electrical, electronic, and automation systems onboard ships. Here's a sample outline of the curriculum for a 4-month ETO course:

Electrical Fundamentals

  • Principles of electricity
  • Electrical circuits and components
  • Electrical safety measures
  • Power generation and distribution

Electronic Systems

  • Basics of electronics
  • Communication systems
  • Navigation equipment
  • Radar and GPS systems
  • Satellite communication systems

Automation and Control Systems

  • Introduction to automation systems
  • Programmable logic controllers (PLCs)
  • Distributed control systems (DCS)
  • Integration of automation systems with electrical and electronic equipment

Marine Electrical Systems

  • Electrical equipment and machinery on ships
  • Generators, transformers and motors
  • Distribution panels and switchboards
  • Protection systems and troubleshooting techniques

Safety Procedures and Practices

  • Electrical safety procedures
  • Emergency response and firefighting techniques
  • Hazardous materials handling

Maritime Regulations and Compliance

  • International maritime conventions and regulations
  • Classification society rules and standards
  • Compliance with safety and environmental regulations

Practical Training and Workshops

  • Hands-on training with electrical and electronic equipment
  • Maintenance and troubleshooting exercises
  • Simulation training for emergency scenarios
  • Laboratory work with actual components and systems

Internship or Onboard Training

  • Practical experience onboard ships or maritime installations
  • Application of theoretical knowledge in real-world scenarios
  • Mentorship under experienced electro-technical officers

Project Work

  • Individual or group projects related to electrical, electronic or automation systems
  • Research and analysis of current industry trends and technologies
  • Presentation of findings and recommendations

Top Institutes

Several institutes in India offer ETO (Electro-Technical Officer) courses, providing training and certification for individuals seeking careers in the maritime industry. Here are some of the top institutes in India that offer ETO courses:

  • Tolani Maritime Institute (TMI), Pune
  • International Maritime Institute (IMI), New Delhi
  • Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies (SIMS), Mumbai
  • Applied Research International School of Maritime Studies (ARISMS), New Delhi
  • Hindustan Institute of Maritime Training (HIMT), Chennai
  • Training Ship Rahman, Mumbai
  • Maritime Training Institute (MTI), Mumbai

Career Growth

The career growth potential for individuals who have completed an ETO (Electro-Technical Officer) course is significant, offering opportunities for advancement, specialisation and leadership roles within the maritime industry. Here’s an overview of the career growth trajectory for ETO course graduates:

  • Junior Electro-Technical Officer (ETO)
  • Senior Electro-Technical Officer (ETO)
  • Chief Electro-Technical Officer (ETO)
  • Shore-Based Technical Management Roles
  • Specialisation and Advanced Training
  • Management and Leadership Positions
  • Consultancy and Training


The scope of an ETO (Electro-Technical Officer) course extends across various sectors within the maritime industry, offering diverse opportunities for individuals with specialised skills in electrical, electronic and automation systems. Here’s an overview of the scope of the ETO course:

  • Employment Opportunities
  • Maritime Industry
  • Shore-Based Positions
  • Specialisation and Advanced Training
  • Global Opportunities

Pros & Cons

Pros of pursuing an ETO Course 

  • High Demand
  • Lucrative Career
  • Global Opportunities
  • Technical Skills
  • Job Stability

Cons of pursuing an ETO Course

  • Challenging Work Environment
  • Safety Risks
  • Career Progression Challenges
  • Lifestyle Constraints