G.P Rating

Your Express Route to Maritime Jobs


The GP Rating course is a six-month residential pre-sea training program approved by the Directorate General of Shipping, Government of India. Designed for individuals aged 17 to 25, the program encompasses both theoretical and practical aspects of General Ship Knowledge and Marine Engineering Knowledge. Throughout the program, students engage in a diverse range of activities covering seamanship, cargo handling, and maintenance tasks on the deck, as well as operations and maintenance of machinery. Practical training includes swimming exercises, physical drills, workshop sessions, rope and mast climbing, life-saving appliance usage, fire-fighting exercises, and ship visits. These activities not only impart essential skills but also simulate real-life scenarios encountered in the maritime field.

As GP Rating candidates are trained for both Deck and Engine Room tasks, they gain proficiency in a wide array of responsibilities, contributing to their versatility in the maritime industry. The course emphasizes a holistic approach to the seafaring profession, ensuring that students are well-prepared for the challenges they may face during their onboard training and subsequent careers. After training, candidates can join the merchant navy in roles such as Trainee Ordinary Seaman, Trainee Fitter, and Trainee Oiler, with potential advancement to higher positions after accumulating sea service. With no common entrance test, the GP Rating course serves as an accelerated pathway for individuals seeking a swift entry into the maritime industry, offering a dynamic career in the global shipping sector.

The educational qualifications for enrollment in the program include three pathways and students must have one of these three qualifications:

  1. 10th Standard

Must have passed the 10th standard from a government-recognized board.

Subjects required: English, Mathematics, and Science.

Minimum aggregate of 40% in the 10th standard.

English proficiency of at least 40% in either the 10th or 12th standard.

  1. 12th Standard Pass (Any Stream):

Must have passed the 12th standard from a government-recognized board.

Minimum aggregate of 40% in the 12th standard.

English proficiency of at least 40% in either the 10th or 12th standard.

Subjects in the 10th standard must include English, Mathematics, and Science.

  1. 2-Year ITI Course:

Must have completed a 2-year ITI course in specific trades (Fitter, Machinist, Mechanic, Welder, Turner) approved by DVET/NCVT.

Minimum 40% aggregate marks in the final year of ITI.

Minimum 40% in English in the 10th or 12th standard.

The course syllabus spans twenty-five weeks and encompasses five essential modular courses tailored for comprehensive training in maritime safety and security. This syllabus ensures a well-rounded training program that equips participants with the essential skills and knowledge required for safe and secure maritime operations. The modular structure allows for a systematic approach to learning, covering key aspects of survival, first aid, fire prevention, personal safety, and security responsibilities in the maritime environment. The modules are as follows:

i. Proficiency in Survival Techniques

ii. Elementary First Aid

iii. Fire Prevention and Fire Fighting

iv. Personal Safety and Social Responsibility

v. Security Training for Seafarers with Designated Security Duties


Practical Learning

The GP Rating Maritime Training Course encompasses a variety of practical training modules aimed at preparing candidates for entry-level positions in the maritime industry. These modules include:

  • Maritime English & General Ship Knowledge (30 hours):
    • This section focuses on enhancing candidates' communication skills for effective shipboard interaction.
  • Navigation at Support Level (60 hours):
    • Candidates receive hands-on training in basic navigation skills, watchkeeping duties, and safe watch practices.
    • Practical experience is provided in steering the ship and handling anchors.
  • Cargo Handling and Stowage at Support Level (40 hours):
    • This segment familiarizes candidates with various cargo handling gear and procedures.
    • Emphasis is placed on ensuring the safe handling and stowage of different types of cargo.
  • Marine Engineering at Support Level (120 hours):
    • Candidates are introduced to engine room duties and watch-keeping procedures.
    • Practical experience is gained in using hand tools, measuring instruments, and handling auxiliary equipment.
  • Electrical, Electronic, and Control Engineering at Support Level (30 hours):
    • Practical training is provided in electrical maintenance practices and safe working procedures.
  • Controlling the Operation of the Ship and Care for Persons on Board at the Support Level (118 hours):
    • Candidates develop skills in rope work, tackles, and proficiency in using Bosun’s chair, ladders, and gangway.
    • Knowledge is enhanced in flag work, safety measures, and pollution prevention.
  • Maintenance and Repair at Support Level (180 hours):
    • This component covers surface preparation, painting, lubrication, and various repair techniques.
    • Candidates gain hands-on experience in carpentry, gas cutting, welding, pipe fitting, rope splicing, and rigging work.
  • Personal Safety and Social Responsibilities (28 hours):
    • The focus is on fire prevention, firefighting techniques, emergency escape procedures, and personal survival skills.

The practical training provided in these modules is immensely beneficial as it equips candidates with the essential skills and knowledge required for practical scenarios they may encounter while working on ships. This hands-on approach ensures that candidates are well-prepared for real-world challenges in the maritime industry, fostering a culture of safety, responsibility, and professionalism. Ultimately, it contributes to the overall competence and readiness of individuals entering the maritime field

Course Curriculum

The updated syllabus for the GP Rating Maritime Training Course, provided by the Directorate General of Shipping (DGS), Mumbai, encompasses a diverse range of modules aimed at delivering a comprehensive and practical understanding of the maritime industry. The course is designed to equip students with essential skills, ensuring their preparedness for a successful career in the maritime sector. Key highlights of the revised syllabus include:

Part 1 – Maritime English and General Ship Knowledge (GSK)

  • Duration: 2.02 weeks
  • Topics Include:
    • Induction and Communication Skills Development
    • General Knowledge about Shipping, Ships, and Introduction to Computers
    • Importance of Shipping in National and International Trade
    • International Routes, Types of Ships, and Shipboard Organization
    • Computers Familiarization
    • Discipline, Etiquettes, and Gender Sensitization
    • Health and Hygiene
    • Maritime English and Nautical Terms
    • Hull, Decks, Fore Castle, Poop Deck, Accommodation, Bridge, and More

Part 2 - Navigation (NAV)

  • Duration: 2.10 weeks
  • Topics Include:
    • Basic Navigation, Watch Systems, Rules of the Road, Buoyage
    • International Code of Signal & Flags
    • Look Out for Duties and Reporting to OOW
    • Operate Emergency Equipment, Apply Emergency Procedures
    • Steer the Ship, Helm Orders, Magnetic and Gyro Compass
    • Berthing, Anchoring, and Mooring Operations

Part 3 - Cargo Handling and Stowage (CSH)

  • Duration: 2 weeks
  • Topics Include:
    • Cargo Handling Equipment and Spaces
    • Securing Cargoes, Container Cargo, Bulk Cargo
    • Handling of Stores, Communication Signals
    • IMDG Cargo and Dangerous Goods Identification

Part 4 - Marine Engineering Knowledge & Practice (MEK)

  • Duration: 4.19 weeks
  • Topics Include:
    • Engine Room Environment, Duties, and Machinery
    • Basic Turning and Fitting, Safe Working Procedures, Tools & Instruments
    • Auxiliary Equipment & Maintenance Work
    • Compressed Air, Machines, Welding, and Cutting
    • Lubricants and Lubrication, Level Measuring Devices
    • Steering Gear, Storage Tanks, Emergencies in the Engine Room
    • Fire Extinguishing Equipment, Basic Marine Engineering

Part 5 - Electrical, Electronic & Control Engineering (EEC)

  • Duration: 0.83 weeks
  • Topics Include:
    • Safe Use of Electrical Equipment, Hand tools, Electrical Components
    • Electrical Safety

Part 6 - Controlling the Operation of Ship and Caring of Persons on Board (COS)

  • Duration: 3.52 weeks
  • Topics Include:
    • Seamanship Skills, Deck Equipment, and Machinery Operation
    • Personal Shipboard Safety, Risk Assessment, Permit to Work System
    • Flags and Flag Work, Pollution Prevention, and MARPOL
    • Shipboard Safety Practices, Communication, Safety Symbols

Part 7 – Maintenance and Repair (M&R)

  • Duration: 4.76 weeks
  • Topics Include:
    • Surface Preparation and Painting
    • Lubrication, Chemicals for Cleaning
    • Repairs Including Welding, Cutting, Plumbing, Carpentry

Part 8 - STCW Mandatory Courses

  • Duration: 2.16 weeks
  • Courses Include:
    • Proficiency in Survival Techniques
    • Elementary First Aid
    • Fire Prevention and Fire Fighting
    • Personal Safety and Social Responsibility
    • Security Training for Seafarers with Designated Security Duties
    • Port/Dock/Harbour/Ship Visit

Part 9 - Upkeep of the Campus

  • Duration: Ongoing (Three hours per week for 15 weeks, outside class hours)
  • Activities Include Cleaning, Maintenance, Repair Work, and Gardening.

Part 10 - Holidays / Passing Out Function

  • Duration: As required
  • Involves Holidays, Celebrations, and Passing Out Functions.

Top Institutes

Aspiring candidates for the GP Rating course in India typically go through a competitive admission process facilitated by DG Shipping-approved institutes as well as other private institutes. The admission process involves an online application followed by a personal interview. The final merit list is determined based on eligibility criteria, personal interviews, and medical tests. Shortlisted candidates undergo a comprehensive medical examination in Mumbai, adhering to the Merchant Shipping (Medical Examination) Rules, 2000. Notably, these top institutes boast collaborations with prominent maritime companies. These collaborations often lead to sponsorships for the GP Rating course by these companies, providing students with valuable practical training and enhancing their prospects for placement in the maritime industry.

  • The Great Eastern Institute of Maritime Studies, Pune Maharashtra
  • Tolani Maritime Institute (TMI), Pune
  • Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies (SIMS), Mumbai
  • LBS College of Advanced Maritime Studies and Research, Mumbai
  • Training Ship Rahaman, Mumbai
  • B.P. Marine Academy, Navi Mumbai
  • Hindustan Institute of Maritime Training (HIMT), Chennai
  • International Maritime Institute (IMI), Noida
  • Maritime Training Institute (MTI), Powai
  • Sri Chakra Maritime College, Chennai
  • Euro Tech Maritime Academy, Cochin
  • Aquatech Institute of Maritime Studies, New Delhi

Career Growth

After completing the GP Rating course, individuals can embark on a promising career in the maritime industry. The course lays the foundation for entry-level positions in shipping companies, both national and international. Initially, graduates often start as ratings on various types of vessels, gaining hands-on experience in shipboard duties. As they accumulate sea time and gain proficiency, there are opportunities for career progression. Many GP Rating course graduates eventually pursue higher certifications to advance their careers.

The following career flow chart outlines the progression from initial training to assuming higher responsibilities, culminating in the role of Chief Officer

  1. 6 Months Pre-Sea Training, approved by DG Shipping, Government of India.
  2. Trainee Ordinary Seaman (OS) on Board for 12 Months
  3. Obtain Watchkeeping Certificates approved by DG Shipping, Government of India.
  4. Sail as an Able-Bodied Seaman (AB) for 12 to 18 Months.
  5. Assume the role of a Bosun after gaining experience.
  6. Apply for qualification for 2nd Mate after accumulating a total sea time of 30 Months.
  7. Obtain the 2nd Mate qualification and serve as a 3rd Officer.
  8. Progress to the position of Chief Officer.

Additionally, it is worth noting that sponsoring companies often directly hire students from maritime institutes, providing a streamlined transition from education to employment for General Purpose Rating (G.P. Rating) candidates. This direct recruitment from institutes further enhances the career prospects of individuals pursuing this course, offering them valuable opportunities for professional growth and development in the maritime sector


The General Purpose Rating (G.P. Rating) course provides a comprehensive pathway for individuals seeking a dynamic career in the maritime industry. Graduates of this program are equipped with essential skills in seamanship, cargo handling, and deck maintenance, having undergone rigorous 6 months of pre-sea training followed by a year as Trainee Ordinary Seaman on board ships. With approved Watchkeeping Certificates from the Directorate General of Shipping, Government of India, they advance to roles such as Able-Bodied Seamen (AB), accumulating crucial sea time and hands-on experience. The career progression extends to positions like Bosun, where individuals take on supervisory responsibilities.

Navigational roles beckon as candidates achieve a total sea time of 30 months, qualifying for examinations leading to designations like 2nd Mate, 3rd Officer, and Chief Officer. Notably, maritime institutes fostering this training often collaborate with leading companies, ensuring direct placements and fostering immediate connections with the industry. This course, therefore, not only imparts specialized knowledge and practical proficiency but also opens up diverse and lucrative career avenues, establishing graduates as competent professionals in the maritime sector