Bachelor of Laws (LLB)

Explore Bachelor of Laws (LLB) course details including fees structure, curriculum and more on Guide Me Career portal. Follow the experts for more updates!


LLB (Bachelor of Laws or Bachelor of Legislative Law) is a three-year undergraduate degree that focuses on the study of law and legal principles. It is the first step towards becoming a legal professional and is recognized as the primary degree for practising law in many countries. A basic law course provides students with an extensive understanding of various aspects of law including constitutional law, criminal law, contract law, administrative law and more.

During the ongoing sessions of LLB, students greatly participate in classroom lectures, discussions, case studies, moot court sessions as well as legal research projects. Apart from regular studies, the students also get the opportunity to do internships at law firms, courts or other legal institutions to gain practical experience and apply their theoretical knowledge in real-world scenarios


The core subjects in a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) course can vary depending on the university and country, but the following are some common subjects typically included in the curriculum:

  • Legal Methods and Systems
  • Constitutional Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Contract Law
  • Property Law
  • Administrative Law
  • Tort Law
  • Family Law
  • Equity and Trusts
  • Legal Writing and Advocacy.

Additional subjects may include commercial law, international law, evidence law, labour law and more depending on the specific curriculum of the university and the jurisdiction in which the program is offered.

Practical Learning

The training sessions play a crucial role in the LLB program, as it allows students to apply the theoretical knowledge they acquire in a real-world legal context. Here are some aspects of practical learning in an LLB program:

  • Moot Court Sessions
  • Legal Internships
  • Legal Research Projects
  • Practical Workshops and Seminars
  • Clinical Legal Education
  • Legal Writing and Drafting Exercises

Course Curriculum

The Bachelor of Laws (LLB) program is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of legal principles, practices, and procedures. The curriculum is typically structured into different academic years, with each year focusing on specific areas of law. While the exact subjects may vary between universities, the following is a general year-wise breakdown of the LLB syllabus:

First Year 

  • Legal Methods and Legal Systems
  • Contracts Law
  • Constitutional Law
  • Legal Writing and Communication Skills
  • Law of Torts
  • Criminal Law
  • Family Law
  • Legal Research and Legal Reasoning

Second Year 

  • Law of Evidence
  • Property Law
  • Administrative Law
  • Jurisprudence (Legal Theory and Philosophy)
  • Civil Procedure Code and Limitation Act
  • Environmental Law
  • International Law
  • Company Law

Third Year 

  • Criminal Procedure Code and Criminal Justice Administration
  • Intellectual Property Law
  • Human Rights Law
  • Labour and Industrial Law
  • Taxation Law
  • Public International Law
  • Banking Law and Negotiable Instruments
  • Clinical Legal Education (Practical training and internships)

Top Institutes

There are several law institutes in India that are renowned for their quality legal education along with academic excellence. Here are some of them:

  • National Law University, Delhi (NLUD)
  • NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  • National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
  • Gujarat National Law University (GNLU), Gandhinagar
  • National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal
  • National Law University, Odisha (NLUO), Cuttack
  • Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU), Raipur

The above-listed law institutes offer undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral programs in law, providing students with a comprehensive understanding of the legal system

Career Growth

LLB graduates can enhance their career prospects and remain competitive in a dynamic legal environment by actively participating in professional development activities such as attending legal seminars, joining professional associations, and seeking mentorship opportunities. Here are a few examples: 

  • Specialisation
  • Promotion and Leadership Roles
  • Judicial Appointments
  • Academic and Research Opportunities
  • International Opportunities
  • Entrepreneurship and Legal Consulting


The field of law offers a wide range of career opportunities for LLB graduates. Below are some of them:

  • Legal Practice
  • Judiciary
  • Corporate Sector
  • Government Services
  • Legal Academia
  • Legal Consultancy
  • Public Interest and Non-profit Organisations
  • Legal Journalism and Media

Pros & Cons

Pursuing a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree offers a gateway to a rewarding career in the legal profession. As with any career path, there are both advantages and challenges to consider. Here are the key pros and cons:

Pros of Pursuing an LLB degree:

  • Career Opportunities
  • Intellectual Growth
  • Social Impact
  • Financial Reward
  • Personal Development

Cons of Pursuing an LLB degree:

  • Rigorous Study and Time Commitment
  • Competitive Job Market
  • Workload and Stress
  • Ethical Challenges
  • Continuous Learning and Adaptation