MBBS - Bachelor Of Medicine & Bachelor Of Surgery

Excel in the Field of Medicine and Surgery By Pursuing MBBS Course


The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is an undergraduate degree program that prepares students to become medical doctors. The program typically spans a duration of five to six years and offers a comprehensive education in medical sciences, clinical skills as well as practical experience. 

The medical aspirants study a wide range of subjects including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology along with various clinical disciplines such as medicine, surgery, paediatrics as well as obstetrics & gynaecology. 


The curriculum combines pre-clinical and clinical phases, with students gaining theoretical knowledge in the early years and then transitioning to hands-on clinical training. Practical experience is gained through rotations in hospitals, clinics as well as healthcare settings, where students interact with patients, participate in clinical procedures and learn from experienced healthcare professionals. 

After completing the MBBS program, graduates must fulfil licensing requirements, which typically include a compulsory internship and passing national or regional licensing examinations. The program opens doors to various career opportu


The core subjects of the MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) program typically cover a wide range of medical sciences, clinical disciplines along with foundational knowledge necessary for a career in medicine. While specific subjects may vary depending on the curriculum and institution, here are some common core subjects found in the MBBS program:

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Community Medicine (Preventive and Social Medicine)
  • Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Paediatrics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Additionally, the curriculum may include subjects like dermatology, ophthalmology, psychiatry, radiology and other specialised disciplines, depending on the institution along with curriculum design

Practical Learning

The practical learning component of the MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) program is an integral part of medical education. It is designed to provide students with hands-on experience, clinical skills and exposure to real-life medical scenarios. Practical learning in MBBS includes the following: 

  • Clinical Rotations
  • Ward Rounds
  • Clinical Procedures
  • Simulation-Based Training
  • Observation and Assisting
  • Case Presentations and Discussions
  • Elective Rotations
  • Clinical Clerkship
  • Internship

Furthermore, the medical candidates must properly attend the practical sessions to develop clinical competence, professionalism as well as the ability to provide quality patient care. Practical experiences are guided by experienced faculty along with healthcare professionals, ensuring a safe and structured learning environment

Course Curriculum

The course curriculum of MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) is typically structured in a year-wise manner, with each year focusing on specific subjects and clinical rotations. Here is a general breakdown of the course curriculum:

First Year 

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry

Second Year 

  • Pharmacology
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology 

Third Year 

  • Community Medicine
  • Forensic Medicine

Fourth Year

  • Medicine
  • Surgery

Fifth Year 

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics 

Top Institutes

As you are very well aware, India is home to several renowned institutes that offer the MBBS program. Here are some of the top institutes for MBBS in India:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
  • Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
  • Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), New Delhi
  • King George's Medical University (KGMU), Lucknow
  • Grant Medical College and Sir J.J. Group of Hospitals, Mumbai
  • St. John's Medical College, Bengaluru
  • Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC), New Delhi
  • Madras Medical College (MMC), Chennai
  • Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College (G.S. Medical College), Mumbai
  • Kasturba Medical College (KMC), Manipal
  • Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Varanasi

The institutions listed above are widely known for their excellent infrastructure, experienced faculty, clinical training facilities, research opportunities as well as overall academic reputation.

Career Growth

The career growth opportunities for MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) graduates are substantial, offering a wide range of possibilities for professional advancement as well as specialisation. Here are some avenues for career growth in the field of medicine:

  • Specialisation
  • Advanced Degrees
  • Clinical Research
  • Leadership and Administration
  • Teaching and Academia
  • International Opportunities
  • Private Practice
  • Healthcare Consulting
  • Continuing Medical Education

By continuously seeking new opportunities, expanding their expertise and staying abreast of the latest advancements, MBBS graduates can achieve significant career growth along with making a lasting impact in the field of medicine


The scope of MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) is vast and offers a wide range of career opportunities.  The demand for healthcare professionals is consistently high offering ample career opportunities, huge potential for growth, specialisation along with making a significant impact on individuals and communities. Here are some aspects that highlight the scope of MBBS:

  • Medical Practice
  • Surgeon 
  • Specialisation
  • Clinical Research
  • Hospital-Based Careers
  • Public Health
  • Teaching and Academia
  • Global Opportunities
  • Entrepreneurship and Innovation
  • Continued Learning and Specialised Training

With the growing demand of Medical field, there are several opportunities. But it is only possible for a student to achieve their ambition and become a doctor if they focus on their studies as well as attend the practical sessions with full concentration.

Pros & Cons

Pros of pursuing an MBBS:

  • Vast Career Opportunities    
  • Job Stability and Demand
  • Fulfilling and Rewarding Profession
  • Continuous Learning
  • Respect and Social Standing

Cons of pursuing an MBBS:

  • Long Duration of Study
  • Intensive Workload and High Pressure
  • Financial Investment
  • Emotional Challenges
  • Work-Life Balance